Friday, October 26, 2012

Bhaja Govindam


Bhaja  Govindam


Bhaja Govindam was written by Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya.
Bhaja govindam is one of the minor compositions of the spiritual giant, Adi Shankaracharya . It is classified as a prakarana grantha, a primer to the major works . Though sung as a bhajan, it contains the essence of vedanta and implores the man to think, ``Why am I here in this life ? Why am I amassing wealth, family, but have no peace ? What is the Truth ? What is the purpose of life ?

The person thus awakened gets set on a path to the inner road back to the God principle.
The background of Bhaja Govindam is worth examining . During his stay in Kashi, Shankara noticed a very old man studying the rules of sanskrit by Panini .  Shankara was touched with pity at seeing the plight of the old man spending his years at a mere intellectual accomplishment while he would be better off praying and spending time to control his mind . Shankara understood that the majority of the world was also engaged in mere intellectual, sense pleasures and not in the divine contemplation . Seeing this, he burst forth with the verses of Bhaja govindam.

In 31 verses, he, like no other, explains our fallacies, our wrong outlook for life, and dispells our ignorance and delusions.Thus bhaja govindam was originally known as moha mudgaara, the remover of delusions.
Shankara explains, nay chides, us for spending our time in useless trivia like amassing wealth, lusting after (wo)men and requests us to discriminate and cultivate the knowledge to learn the difference between the real and the unreal. To emphasise that, he concludes that all knowledge other than the Self-Knowledge is useless, Shankara makes the person realize how foolish he/she is in the conduct and behavior by these verses, and shows the purpose of our worldly existence, which is to seek Govinda and attain Him.

 Bhaja govindam is divided into dvaadasha manjarikaa stotram and chaturdasha manjarika stotram . At the end of composing the first stanza, it is said that Shankara burst forth with the next 11 stanzas of bhaja govindam. Thus stanzas 1-12 are called dvaadash manjarika stotram . Inspired by the
extempore recital by Shankara, each of his 14 disciples composed a verse and the 14 verse compendium is called chaturdasha manjarika stotram . Shankara added the finishing touches by adding five of his own stanzas at the last bringing the total to 31.

Bhaja govindam has been set to musical tones and sung as prayer songs by children . It is divided into dvaadashapajnjarikaa and charpatapajnjarikaa for this purpose.
The former is a set of verses (verses 1-12a) while the rest of the verses form  charpatapajnjarikaa.

 Anyone who listens to the music of Bhaja govindam  is attracted to it . However, the significance of the text goes much deeper and contains a well defined philosophy of attaining salvation . Shankara's words seem to be quite piercing and seem to lack the softness and tenderness often found in his other texts, thus addressing directly.

The reason is that this was an extempore recital to an old man . His words can be compared to a knife of a doctor . The doctor's knife cruely removes the tumor with much pain, but removing the tumor ultimately restores good health in the patient.So is Shankara's words, which pierce and point out our ignorance.It is a knife into the heart of worldiness, and by removing this tumor of ignorance, we can attain everlasting bliss with the grace of Govinda.

May the achaarayaa guide us from ignorance to truth . Om tat sat.




Bhajagovindam Bhajagovindam
Govindam Bhaja Moodhamathe Samprapte Sannihite Kaale Nahi Nahi Rakshati Dukrinkarane
Meaning: Bhaja - Seek, Govinda - The Lord Govinda, Moodhamathe - O Fool, O Ignoramus, Samprapte - (When) comes, Sannihite - appointed, Kaale - Time, Nahi - Surely never, Rakshati - Saves, Dukrinkarane - Grammar rule.
भज= worship;गोविन्दं= Govinda;मूढमते= O, foolish mind!;
संप्राप्ते= ( when you have) reached/obtained;
सन्निहिते= (in the) presence/nearness of;
काले= Time (here:Lord of Death, Yama);
नहि= No; never;
रक्षति= protects;
डुकृञ्करणे= the grammatical formula DukRi.nkaraNe;



Substance:

Seek or Worship Govinda, Seek Govinda, Seek Govinda, O Fool or ignoramus. When the death comes at the appointed time, grammar rules will not save or rescue you.


Commentary: By repeating the words "Bhaga Govindam" thrice in the very first two lines of the first sloka itself, Jagatguru Sri Adi Sankaracharya is trying to bring home the point that human being has no other escape except immersing oneself in the thoughts of Lord, and praying with utmost sincerity, reciting the Divine Namas of the Lord rather than getting engrossed in anxieties to possess wealth or acquire social status or achievements. Here the rules of grammar mean all secular knowledge and earthly acquisitions or possessions. The one who runs after materialistic gains is Moodhamathi. The purport of these words is that any amount of knowledge cannot save the soul when death knocks at the door of this limited body. At that time, one has to leave behind one's material benefits and social status. These acquisitions will not help one gain the knowledge of the Soul, which is permanent, when the impermanent body withers, it turns out to be a dead-wood. It does not mean that one should shun away the pursuit of living for knowledge, but, at the same time, one should understand its limited capacity, and one should seriously try to acquire that knowledge which alone can save a person from the slavery of imperfections. We should remember the truth that it is a manifested world and it is impermanent. Other than God or Soul, everything else is temporary. Death will snatch away the existence of the body and the manifested world. What is the use of all the acquisitions and knowledge then? So, while living in this secular world, or materialistic world, one should endeavor to understand and master the secret of purposeful life. One should identify oneself with the Lord, who can only give solace to the parched materialistic lives. One should progress spiritually after each death, instead of getting deeper and deeper into mundane pleasures. It is rather sad that quite a few of us are of the opinion that spirituality is for those who retired from employment or aged people. The intellect, which has not been trained to remember God until one attains sixty years, will never resort to spirituality after that. Even if it does, for argument sake, what is guarantee that the cruel hands of death will not embrace one before that? So, one should understand the fallacy of this argument and train the mind from the childhood itself to start practicing recitation of the Lord's name with every breath that one inhales and exhales, otherwise it is just impossible to remember God's name at the time of death. It is, therefore, imperative that one should keep repeating the Divine Names of Lord at every possible moment. Bhaja does not mean monotonous and routine ritual with mechanical chanting of some selected Namas or Mantras. It is rather much deeper than that. The true Bhajan of Lord is to offer True Seva or Service to Lord with Love and devotion and in that sense, every human being is a Lord. Bhagavan is Bhava Graahi. He is not enamored or attracted by the pomp and show of the devotee. He looks deep into the heart of the devotee to see how much sincere one is while worshiping Him or serving the needy, treating them as the God Himself (i.e., Manava sevahi Madhava seva). There are nine types of Service to be offered at the feet of Lord. A devotee can adopt any one, according to one's choice and temperament. They are (1) Sravanam (listening to the stories or glory of Lord), (2) Keertanam (Singing the glory of the Lord), (3) Smaranam (Constantly thinking about the nature and beauty, divine qualities and characteristics of the Lord, (4) Paadasevaram (Adorning the sacred feet of Lord in a spirit of self-obliteration), (5) Archanam (Worshiping the Lord with rituals, mantras and with self-less love), (6) Vandanam (Salute or to pay obeisance to the Lord), (7) Dassyam (Serving the Lord), (8) Sakhyam (Invoking an affectionate friendship with Lord, and (9) Aatmanivedanam (To offer oneself with complete dedication or total surrender to the Lord as a humble gift at His altar). Every devotee has the liberty to choose a path that is convenient and appealing to one to realize the God. In all the above modes of worship, the spirit of Bhaja is visible. With this bhava, the devotee has to worship the Govinda, who is the knower of each atom of this universe. He is the very essence of all animate and inanimate beings in this universe. So, Govinda is the Atman, Govinda is the Brahman, Govinda is the Highest Reality and the very Essence of this Universe. Each devotee should seek one's identity with that Spirit, Force, Reality, Truth and Supreme Braman or God, instead of wasting one's time in materialistic pursuits of secular knowledge for worldly possessions, name and fame.





Moodha Jaheehi Dhanaagamatrishnaam
Kuru Sadbuddhim Manasi Vitrishnaam Yallabhase Nijakarmopaattam Vittam Tena Vinodaya Chittam ... Bhaja Govindam ..
Meaning: Moodha - O fool, Jaheehi - give up, Dhanaagamatrishnaam - the thirst to possess wealth, Kuru - create, Sadbuddhim - thoughts of Reality, Manasi - in (your) mind, Vitrishnaam - devoid of passion, Yat - with whatever, Labhate - you get as a reward of your past actions (Yallabhase), Nijakarma - by your actions, Upaattam - obtained (Nijakarmopaattam), Vittam - the wealth, Tena - with that, Vinodaya - entertain, Chittam - your mind.
मूढ= Oh fool!;जहीहि= jahi+iha, leave/give up+here(in this world);धन= wealth;अगम= coming/arrival;
तृष्णां= thirst/desire;कुरु= Do;act;सद्बुद्धिं= sat.h+buddhiM, good+awareness(loosely speaking:mind);
मनसि= in the mind;वितृष्णां= desirelessness;
यल्लभसे= yat.h+labhase, whatever+(you)obtain;
निजकर्म= nija+karma, one's+duty(normal work);
उपात्त= obtained;वित्तं= wealth;तेन= by that; with that;
विनोदय= divert/recreate(be happy);चित्तं= mind;



Substance:

O Fool, give up your (insatiable) thirst or desire to possess or amass wealth and earthly objects, devote and develop your mind to thoughts of serenity, contentment and Reality, be happy and satisfied with whatever you get as a reward of your past actions and entertain your mind with such noble thoughts.


Commentary: After attacking the desire of acquiring mere scholarship in the first sloka, Sri Adi Sankaracharya attacks the desire of amassing wealth in this sloka. The extrovert human being goes away not only from Reality but also from himself. He searches for happiness outside himself in possessing or amassing earthly objects, wealth, name, status, fame, etc.While struggling for these mundane pleasures, he loses equipoise due to greed, lust, power, and many such evils. He completely immerses in samsaara, invites sorrow, and enjoys temporary happiness. He forgets his originality, which is endless peace and selfless love. Every such extrovert is a fool as one is suffering from one's own ignorance, because all the satisfaction that one gets from wealth and worldly objects is temporary. Acquiring wealth is not wrong, but the insatiable desire to keep on acquiring wealth is a sin and one has to give it up sooner than later. There is no need to condemn those objects, which give physical happiness, but one's relationship with them is always limited and transitory. While meditating on Reality, it is easy for one to use one's discriminatory intelligence and enjoy the worldly objects with a passionless mind. The whole problem is with the mind. If mind is withdrawn from the sensory objects and the objects of entertainment, it stops from dissipating itself on mundane pleasures. It will become empty and its infinite power starts working. So, it is very important to cleanse the mind off its lust for objects, greed for possessions, covetousness for wealth, hungry for power, and worry for status in the society and apply the same mind to contemplate on Reality, the Eternal Brahman. One has to live in this world in contentment and satisfaction with whatever one gets as a result of one's past deeds. Desires multiply as long as we keep on satisfying them. With increasing hunger to satisfy desires, one gets deeper and deeper into that quicksand, loses peace of mind, and ultimately ends up in frustration. Wealth can purchase only sense-gratification that too for a limited period but if one wants permanent peace of mind, the only recourse is to contemplate on God. So, all methods we apply to acquire wealth will only lead us to disarray, disintegration, and results finally in degradation, as attachment brings endless worries. True enjoyment stems from true renunciation. The fundamental truth is that one will never get God through greed for wealth.




Naaree Sthanabhara Naabheedesam
Drishtvaa Maa Gaa Mohaavesam Etan Maamsavasaadi Vikaaram Manasi Vichintaya Vaaram Vaaram ... Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam.
Meaning: Naaree - the maidens, Sthanabhara - with the weight of their bosom, Naabheedesam - their naval, Drishtvaa - having seen, Maa - do not, (Aa) Gaa - fall a prey, Mohaavesam - maddening delusion, Etat - this is, Maamsam - of flesh, Vasaa - of fat, Aadi - etc., (Etan Maamsavasaadi), Vikaaram - a modifiction, Manasi - in your mind, Vichintaya - think well, Vaaram Vaaram - again and again.
नारी= woman;स्तनभर= breasts that are(full-with milk);
नाभीदेशं= nAbhI+deshaM, navel+region/country;दृष्ट्वा= having seen;मागा= mA+gaa, Don't+go;
मोहावेशं= infatuated state(moha+AveshaM-seizure);
एतन्= this;मांसावसादि= mAmsau+Adi, flesh+etc;
विकारं= appearance (generally, grotesque/ugly);
मनसि= in the mind;विचिन्तय= think well;वारं= again;
वारं= and again;



Substance:

Do not fall prey to maddening delusion and get enticed at the sight of the physical glamour of women having full bosom of young maidens and their naval, as these are nothing but a modification of flesh and fat. Do not fail to remember this truth and think repeatedly in your mind.


Commentary: In this Sloka, Sri Adi Sankaracharya strikes at the evil of lust, which is the most intractable of all. Sri Sankaracharya exhorts both men and women to resist the temptation of getting into the passions for the opposite gender. Our elders always warned us to keep away from two important things if we wish to grow steadily in the path of spirituality. They are Kaantha or Kaminee and Kaanchana, i.e., women and wealth. These are forbidden things, as they are the most attractive things of lust in the world.Having carried away by the external appearance of beauty of the body, some people argue that beauty is to enjoy, at least by looking at them, whether it is a beautiful woman or a handsome man. This argument does not have any weight because it is self-deception.Looking at things will not produce satisfaction, it only breeds more desire. Attraction towards opposite *** is natural, but the ultimate destination of this attraction is sorrow, as this attraction and the enjoyment one gets out of it is temporary and transitory. The allurement towards woman's physical beauty or the physical fitness or bodybuilding of man will fade away with the passage of time. They become old and they will not be any more attractive. This biologically natural urge for opposite *** is to be controlled, disciplined, purified, sublimated and, slowly eliminated. Unlike animals, intelligent human beings should not act according to instincts and impulses, but by rational analysis, curb and control the flow of passions and divert them for nobler and divine activities. Of course, it is difficult to practice initially, as it is against the very nature of body-desires. Precisely for this reason, one has to over-grow from the sense-objects and body-related desires. Realizing this truth, if one proceeds in one's Sadhana, divine unfoldment within takes place. Sri Sankarcharya pleads by prescribing an efficient antidote for this evil. He suggests that if one analyses and perceives mentally the reality, the body is composed of only abhorrent flesh and fat, packed in a bag of skin, having nine holes. If one keeps on analyzing on these lines, the spiritual mind shall retreat from the disgusting ugliness of this body immediately. This is the only easy and best way to educate our mind so that we will not run after the perishable and filth-filled body, but dedicate ourselves for the nobler cause to attain the Lotus Feet of Lord. We might have passed through several lives and lived through two passions of thirst for wealth and instinctive hunger for flesh of women or men. Now, we have attained this manava janma due to some punya karmas in our earlier births. It is time now to achieve required balance of mind and to maintain it all through our lives. We need to practice again and again (vaaram vaaram) to acquire this art and ultimately firmly establish in it, because Mother Maya is always ready to strike at us with Her attractions of world of objects spread around us. We should opt for Shreyas rather than Preyas, by effectively using our discriminatory power.




Nalineedalagata Jalamatitaralam
Tadvajjeevitamatisaya Chapalam Viddhi Vyaadhyabhimaanagrastam Lokam Sokahatam Cha Samastam Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam Meaning: Nalineedalagata jalam - the water (drop) playing on a lotus petal, Ati - extremely, Taralam - uncertain (existence), Tadvat - so, Jeevitam - life, Atisaya - ever (greatly), Chapalam - unstable, Viddhi - understand, Vyaadhi Abhimana Grastam - consumed by disease and conceit (Vyaadhyabhimaanagrastam), Lokam - the world, Soka - with pangs, Hatam - is (riddled) beset, Cha - and, Samastam - whole.
नलिनीदलगत= nalinI+dala+gata, lotus+petal+reached/gone;
जल= water(drop);अतितरलं= ati+tarala, very+unstable;
तद्वत्= like that;जीवित= life;अतिशय= wonderful;
चपलं= fickle-minded;विद्धि= know for sure;व्याधि= disease;
अभिमान= self-importance;ग्रस्तं= having been caught/seized;लोकं= world;people;शोकहतं= attacked(hata) by grief(shoka);= and;समस्तं= entire;



Substance:

The water drop on the lotus-leaf is very unsteady and has extremely uncertain existence, so also is life. Understand that the world is equally unstable and it will be swallowed by disease and conceit. Life is ultimately nothing but worry, misery and grief.


Commentary: After giving a stern warning in the first three Slokas against the arrogance of knowledge, the lure of wealth and the lust for ***, Sri Sankaracharya speaks of the nature of life in this sloka. It is a natural phenomenon in the world with all the intelligent creatures that they wish to possess more and more to enjoy, thinking that one gets relieved form the sense of insecurity by having wealth. Even the richest man in the world is not really happy with his earnings, as his wants are more. The imaginary mansions one builds around oneself with money or wealth will not stand to protect one when the death knocks at the door. The more the number of possessions, the more one has to feel insecure and fear, as one day one may lose them, if not at the time of death, but at least when one is not careful and cautious in one's dealings. 




Yaavadvittopaarjana saktah
Taavannijaparivaaro Raktah Paschaajeevati Jarjjaradehe Vaartaam Kopi Na Prichchati Gehe Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam 
Meaning: Yaavath - as long as, Vith - of wealth, Upaarjana - to earn, Saktah - (is bent upon) has the ability, Taavath - so long, Nija Parivaarah - your dependents, Raktah - attached (to you), Paschaat - afterwards (later on), Jeevati - lives (comes to live), Jarjjar - infirm, Dehe - body, Vaartaam - word, Kopi - anyone, Na - not, Prichchati - cares to speak (asks), Gehe - at home.
यावत्= so long as;वित्त= wealth;उपार्जन= earning/acquiring;सक्तः= capable of;
तावन्निज= tAvat.h+nija, till then+one's;
परिवारः= family;रक्तः= attached;
पश्चात्= later;जीवति= while living(without earning);
जर्जर= old/digested (by disease etc);
देहे= in the body;वार्तां= word (here enquiry/inquiry);
कोऽपि= kaH+api, whosoever; even one;= not;
पृच्छति= inquires/asks/minds;गेहे= in the house;



Substance:

As long as one is fit and able to earn and support one's family, all the kith and kin and dependents attached are affectionate to him, no sooner one becomes old and infirm and one's earnings cease, no one cares to enquire of his well-being even in one's own home.


Commentary: Man is essentially selfish and without expecting something in return, he will not do anything. Even the intimate relationships between persons in a family are mostly deferential towards the earnings and savings of a person. Therefore, most of the relationships either in the family or in the society are dependent on one's ability to earn materialistic pleasures. Only that person, who is rich and wealthy, earns reverence, respect, and power and is adored by others, as most of the people are under the wrong notion or delusion that only money can purchase anything and everything. It may be true in a materialistic sense, but it is rather an obstruction in one's spiritual progress if one does not realize the truth that the riches are transitory and may leave one at any time. If money can purchase happiness, then it is but natural that the absence of it can procure only sorrow. Wealth does not mean only money, but it also means, power, social status, physical strength, secular knowledge and many such materialistic qualities. Human life being what it is, faculties and capacities must necessarily wane away, since age must sap all physical and intellectual efficiencies. Sri Adi Sankaracharya says, keeping this fundamental truth in mind, that one can be popular and beloved of the people around him only so long as one is capable of earning wealth. When one's capacity wanes away with the age and the body becomes infirm and decays, all those around, who once was their social strength, leave and a time comes even the family members desist from speaking with that person. So, one should not misunderstand and live in illusion that popularity, consideration, affection and even reference of other human beings is permanent or the very goal of life. One has to earn inner-peace and tranquility by surrendering oneself to the Ultimate Truth. This sloka is a warning against vanities of life and by contemplation, curbing the mind away from the false values and deceptive sense of security, one has to struggle to dedicate oneself in devotion in the service of the Permanent Source of Knowledge. It is possible only through constant practice when one is young and one's faculties and mental efficiencies are at the prime, so that by the time one becomes old, one is in a position to visualize the Truth of Life and succeed in attaining it as one is nearing the concluding part of one's journey. The real achievement is to be gained in one's own personal inner contemplation by clinging to the sacred feet of Govinda, so that even long before the world comes to reject, one can reject the world of activities and retire into a higher world, where only the Supreme Truth or Govinda exists. 




Yavatpavano Nivasati Dehe
Taavatprichchati Kusalam Gehe Gatavati Vaayau Dehaapaaye Bhaaryaa Bibhyati Tasminkaaye ... Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam.
Meaning: Yaavat - as long as, Pavanah - the breath (life), Nivasathi - dwells, Dehe - in (your) body, Taavath - so long, Prichchati - enquires, Kusalam - of (your) welfare, Gehe - at home, Gatavati Vaayau - when the breath (life) leaves, Dehe Apaaye - (when) the body decays, Bharyaa - (even) your wife, Bibhyati - fears, Tasmin - that very (in that very), Kaaye - body.
यावत्= so long as;पवनः= air/breath;निवसति= lives/dwells;देहे= in thge body;तावत्= till then;
पृच्छति= asks/inquires;कुशलं= welfare;गेहे= in the house;
गतवति= while gone;वायौ= air(life-breath);
देहापाये= when life departs the body;
भार्या= wife;बिभ्यति= is afraid;fears;
तस्मिन्काये= tasmin.h+kaye, in that body;



Substance:

As long as there is life in one's body, people enquire kindly about one's welfare and show concern, but when the soul departs from the body, even one's own wife runs away in fear of the same body (corpse).


Commentary: One has to develop a sense of detachment from the blind attachment to the world, from the objects of materialistic enjoyments through constant contemplation. The brittle vanities of life will never give permanent enjoyment to any one. One should not spend one's entire life in sheer body-worship and enjoyment, as it will never remain permanent and today's young bodies will become old and decay as the days pass. There is no doubt that it is necessary and important that one has to sweat and toil, fight and procure, feed and breed, clothe and shelter the body but to spend the whole lifetime in these alone is a criminal waste of human abilities, as the nature of the body is to grow old, totter, become infirm and in the end die away. The animal body has some value at least when it is dead, but human body, once dead, has no value whatsoever. To maintain such a body, one indulges in all kinds of inhuman activities and amasses wealth, but when once the life has ebbed away from the body, even the life partner dreads and fears the darling body of her beloved husband. No doubt, that body is the carrier of the soul and one should look after it as a temple, but not with attachment and vanities. One should keep it clean, feed it, clothe it, etc., as one does for one's vehicles that one uses in one's day-to-day materialistic life, but with perfect understanding and contemplation that it is only an instrument and through it one has to earn the Sacred Feet of Lord.




Baalastaavat Kreedaa saktah
Tarunastaavat Taruneesaktah Vriddhastaavat Chintaasakatah Parame Brahmani Kopi Na Saktah Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam...
Meaning: Baalah Taavat - so long as one is in his childhood, Kreedaa - (towards play) to play, Aasaktah - (one is) attached, Tarunah Taavat - a youth (so long as one is in youth), Tarunee - towards young women (towards passion), Saktah - (one is) attached, Vriddhah Taavat - so long as one is old (an old man), Chintaa - towards anxiety, Aasaktah - (one is) attached, Parame - to the Supreme, Brahmani - Brahman, Kah Api - any one (alas), Kopi na - no one is (seen), Saktah - attached.
बालः= young boy;तावत्= till then (till he is young);
क्रीडा= play;सक्तः= attached/engrossed/absorbed;
तरुणः= young man;तावत्= till then;तरुणी= young woman;
सक्तः= attached/engrossed;वृद्धः= old man;तावत्= till then;
चिन्ता= worry;सक्तः= attached/engrossed/absorbed;
परे= in the lofty;high;supreme;ब्रह्मणि= Brahman.h ;God;
कोऽपि= whosoever;= not;
सक्तः= attached/absorbedengrossed;


Substance: The childhood is lost in sport and play. Youth flies off in pursuits of passion. Old age passes away on thinking over many past things and in worry about the security and future of one's wife and children (pang). And there is hardly any time left for contemplation on God, as at no stage one is lost in the thoughts of Parabrahman.
Commentary: At successive stages of life, one is engrossed in inconsequential anxieties of life. Never does one turn to the quest for true wisdom. Life is wasted in the quest of what is transient and deluding. Though aware of the delusion, at no period of one's life, does one seek to know the Real? Life is short and the journey is too long. It is not difficult to traverse and reach the goal, but unfortunately, man is tied down to the passions and pangs of play, *** and anxieties. Deluded by these passions, one clings on to the baser things, thinking that they are gold and permanent. One forgets one's right path due to one's attachment to worldly objectives and materialistic enjoyments. Searching for happiness in mundane things, one lacerates oneself; one bleeds and soon feels fatigued and becomes a frequent traveler in the same path. In the childhood, one's attachment was to games and toys. In the youth, one's energies are dissipated in one's beloved. As age progresses and when one becomes old, one submerges oneself in anxieties and fears. All through the life, one does not get time to remember God and attach oneself to the Supreme Lord. How to get over this delusion? The only answer to get away from this extreme sense of attachment to the world is through intelligent discrimination and detachment. One has to identify the purpose and mission of life. One has to use one's freedom to rationally judge even one's own inclinations, temperaments and tendencies, and reject them when they are found to be foolish and dangerous. This trait in man is special and one should use it to elevate oneself to the highest perfection.




Kaa Te Kaantaa Kaste Putrah
Samsaaroyamateeva Vichitrah Kasya Tvam Kah Kuta Aayaatah Tattvam Chintaya Tadiha Bhraatah ... Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam
Meaning: Kaa - who is, Te - your, Kaantaa - wife, Kah - who is, Te - your, Putrah - son, Samsaarah Ayah - this Samsaara, Ateeva - supremely, Vichitrah - (indeed) wonderful, Kasya - of whom, Tvam - are you, Kah (Tvam) - who are you, Kutah - from where, Aayaatah - have come, Tattvam - of that Truth, Chintaya - think, Tad Iha - that here alone, Bhraatah - O Brother.
काते= kA+te, who+your;कान्ता= wife;कस्ते= kaH+te, who+your;पुत्रः= son;संसारः= world/family;अयं= this;
अतीव= great/big/very much;
विचित्रः= wonderful/mysterious;कस्य= whose;त्वं= you;
कः= who;कुतः= from where;आयातः= have come;
तत्त्वं= truth/nature;चिन्तय= think well/consider;
तदिह= tat.h+iha, that+here;भ्रातः= brother;



Substance:

Who is your wife? Who is your son? Very strange is this family bond or samsaara. Of whom are you? From where have you come? O Brother, ponder over that Truth here.


Commentary: If one starts reflecting on the course of worldly life, which is a mysterious enigma, one is faced with questions like, whence did one come, where was one previously, who is one's wife, one's son and other relations and what is the existence of oneself and the relation or the bond between one and another, etc. Starting with these simple questions, one will be puzzled by many more such questions and the reasons for one's anxiety and attachment. As one keeps on contemplating and meditating on such questions, the delusion will vanish and one will be at peace. One will understand that the body is perishable and the soul is imperishable and one should not become victim of erroneous attachments and the transient nature of these relations. These bonds may teach us or influence us to be tolerant, understand the limits of one's freedom, necessity of sharing, relieve from the selfishness and save us from many such negative aspects, but if one looks at the other side, it may lead us to get entangled in worldly attachments and become the root cause for our anxieties and worries. So as to get over these pitfalls, one has to learn to live life with detachment at home itself. The only possible antidote for the follies of delusion is complete surrender to Lord and through intelligent enquiry choose "shreyas" instead of "preyas". Naturally, the first questions is who am I? then who is my wife? Who is my son? etc. On simple analysis, one understands that one's wife is another's daughter, sister, or some such relation. Having born independently, in the journey from birth to death, one acquires many such relations and bonds and when the death descends, all these relations vanish in thin air. Ultimately, one realizes the truth that one belongs only to the Divine Father or Mother and nobody else. All relations other than the relation with the Main Source of Universe is false, causes unhappiness, anxiety and worry.




Satsangatve Nissangatvam
Nissangatve Nirmohatvam Nirmohatve Nischalatattvam Nischalatattve Jeevanmuktih ... Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam
Meaning: Sat sangatve - through the company of the good, Nissangatvam - (there arises) non-attachment, Nissangatve - through non-attachment, Nirmohatvam - (there arises) freedom from delusion, Nirmohatve - through the freedom from delusion, Nischala - Immutable, Tattvam - Reality, Nischalatattve - through the Immutable Reality, Jeevanmuktih - (comes) the state of 'liberated-in-life'.
सत्सङ्गत्वे= in good company;
निस्सङ्गत्वं= aloneness/non-attachment/detachment;
निर्मोहत्वं= non-infatuated state/clearheadedness;
निश्चलतत्त्वं= tranquillity/imperturbability;
जीवन्मुक्तिः= salvation+freedom from bondage of birth;
वयसिगते= vayasi+gate, when age has advanced/gone;



Substance:

The company of the good weans one away from false attachments; from non-attachment comes freedom from delusion, when the delusion ends, the mind becomes unwavering and steady and from an unwavering and steady mind comes Jeevat Mukti (liberation even in this life).


Commentary: It is very clear from what has been said so far that to live in attachment is, certainly, an ill rewarding program of existence. To waste one's life in lust and in passion of one's flesh is definitely dissipating oneself in all faculties. One has to withdraw from all such activities and spend the energy so conserved in seeking and serving God. The best, easiest and the only way for such a conduct is to associate oneself with good and enlightened men, which provides occasion for one to practice withdrawal from desire and attachment. As desires and attachments become less and less, the delusion diminishes and calmness and equanimity descends upon oneself. As we have understood from the earlier commentary, desire and delusion wrap the mind and cloud the perception, obstructing the power to discriminate between the good and the bad, between the lofty and the low and between shreyas and preyas. Desire and attachment are the cause of delusion and delusion leads to confusion. As the mind ceases to agitate, internal purity ensues. At this stage, one reaches the state of equilibrium and enjoys divine peace. It is a step-by-step struggle like the elements of good slowly occupies the place vacated by the elements of bad and evil thoughts, as one occupies oneself in Satsangat. So, one must always cherish the company of the devotees of God to attain salvation at the end. At the same time, one should not indulge in criticism of others, who do not believe in God or who are not devotees, as despise them would be arrogance. One day they also change the path and they must also receive the grace of God. The hearts of those devotees should melt for the welfare of those who do not believe in God. We must grieve for those who are not blessed with devotion. If a person, who is not genuinely distressed at the sufferings and pain of others, is not a godly person at all. Of course, it is very difficult for a beginner, to understand, appreciate and put into practice such noble intentions. Sri Adi Sankaracharya, having understood this practical difficulty of the beginners in devotion, has given a ladder-of-progress; by carefully climbing which, a seeker can comfortably reach the pinnacle of perfection. In spite of all this discussion, the fact remains that we are living in the midst of tremendous temptations of life, whether it is amassing wealth or running after women or artificial life or pretentious postures, etc. The objects of fascination are so numerous and their enchantments are so powerful that it is too difficult to resist and fight against. It is, therefore, advised by Sri Adi Sankaracharya to keep company of good people or look always for Satsangat. Only with good thoughts from within one cannot keep on fighting against the predating bad habits of this life and prarabdha of earlier lives. One has to fight against the hordes of temptations every day, at the same time, and for that one has to look for association with the good people. Such a company will infuse sufficient power so as to erect a strong fortress around oneself against the magic of the world outside. As one progresses in this path, one discovers in oneself the rays of light of detachment, i.e., Nissangatvam. When all the false values are removed from their roots with one pointed sadhana, the mind mellows down its tricks of enticing with the worldly objects and slowly starts listening to the inner voice. The mind starts seeing the things in their right perspective. When such an understanding firmly establishes in oneself, the individual inches towards God or Realization. This is how a sadhaka reaches his origin or his roots by following the prescribed step-by-step progress in sadhana, i.e., Satsangatvam, Nissangatvam, Nirmohatvam, Nischalatattvam and Jeevanmukti




Vayasi Gate Kah Kaamavikaarah
Sushke Neere Kah Kaasaarah Ksheene Vitte Kah Parivaaro Gyaate Tattve Kah Samsaarah ... Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam
Meaning: Vayasi gate - when the age (youthfulness) has passed, Kah - where is, Kaamavikaarah - lust and its play, Sushke Neere - when water is evaporated (dried up), Kah - where is, Kaasaarah - the lake, Ksheene vitte - when the wealth is reduced, Kah - where is, Parivaarah - the retinue, Gyaate tattve - when the Truth is realised, Kah - where is, Samsaarah - the Samsaara.
कः= who/what use( in the sense of kva?(where));
कामविकारः= sensual/sexual attraction;
शुष्के= in the drying up of;नीरे= water;
= what( use) is the;कासारः= lake;
क्षीणे= spent-up/weakened state of;वित्ते= wealth;
कः= what( use) for;परिवारः= family(is there?);
ज्ञाते= in the realised state;तत्त्वे= truth;
कः= what (use) is;संसारः= world/family bond;



Substance:

When youth is gone, where is the lust and its play? When water is evaporated, where is the lake? When the wealth is reduced, where are the relatives? When Truth is realized, where is the (snare of) Samsaara.


Commentary: Without any doubt, the only unfailing remedy for the sorrows of life in this Samsaara is knowledge of the self. Any kind of sorrow of life will cease on its own accord upon the dawn of the knowledge of the self. One is afflicted by sorrows so long as there is delusion in the mind. The only true path available for a sadhaka to remove delusion is wisdom. Good conduct, character and devotion are necessary to secure wisdom. By mere bookish knowledge one does not get wisdom. (The writer of this commentary is the best and readily available example of this fact.) There is a lot of difference between bookish learning and knowledge of the self. By drawing three beautiful analogies, Sri Adi Sankaracharya brings home the point to explain how it is possible. The lust and its play will bind one in maddening passion so long as one is in youthfulness with hard muscles, tight skin, stormy blood and one is young and hearty. When the old age knocks the door, all acts of lust will just vanish on their own accord. As long as one is in the grip of desires, whether one is young or old, one strives to fulfill them. But, when once these desires are dried up, one is freed from all problems. When the water dries up, the lake loses not only its form and existence but also its meaning and utility. So is with our emotions and desires. Once the dawn of life sets in, the passion and lust lose their grip on our body; thereby one is liberated from the pangs of all worldly problems. When wealth is reduced and one becomes poor, all the relations disappear into nowhere. One will enjoy name and fame as long as one is rich. Once one loses one's wealth, even one's own family members may not turn back to help. After giving the above three analogies, Sri Adi Sankaracharys asks the sadhaka that when the Truth is realized, where is the Samsara? Even the most persistent sorrows will be cured by the true knowledge of the self, as with the dawn of wisdom, man's native powers will assert themselves. One cannot seek true fulfillment in life by striving to acquire and possess the outer world. The misconceptions must end and one should know the Reality, as only Truth will eliminate the false ego and its meaningless achievements.




Maa Kuru Dhanajanayauvanagarvam
Harati Nimeshaatkaalah Sarvam Maayaamayamidamakhilam Hitvaa Brahmapadam Tvam Pravisa Viditvaa Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam...
Meaning: Knowing, Brahmapadam - the state of Brahman, Tvam - you, Pravisa - enter into, Viditvaa - after realizing Maa - do not, Kuru - take, Dhana - in possession, Jana - in the people, Yauvan - in youth, Garvam - pride, Harati - loots away (takes away), Nimeshaat - in a moment, Kaalah - the Time, Sarvam - all these, Maayaamayam - full of illusory nature, Idam - this, Akhilam - all, Hitvaa - after.
मा= do not;कुरु= do/act;धन= wealth;जन= people;
यौवन= youth;गर्वं= arrogance/haughtiness;
हरति= takes away/steals away;
निमेषात्= in the twinkling of the eye;
कालः= Master Time;सर्वं= all;माया= delusion;
मयं= full of/completely filled;
इदं= this;अखिलं= whole/entire;
हित्वा= having given up/abandoned;
ब्रह्मपदं= the state/position of Brahma/god-realised state;त्वं= you;प्रविश= enter;विदित्वा= having known/realised;



Substance:

The pleasures of worldly life, such as wealth, friends and youth, are deceptive appearances. Do not boast of them. Understand that each one of these is destroyed within a minute by time. Be detached and dispassionate from the illusion of the world of Maya, cultivate renunciation, and realize the state of Brahman.


Commentary: One is entangled in Samsaara due to the attachment to the tools of Maya, such as wealth, friends, youth, etc. These are all false vanities and hollow conceits, which will vanish in no time, if fortune begins to frown on one. One should not, therefore, be proud of one's wealth, youth, health, etc. All the arrogance born out of these false attachments will change in a moment into shame, because of their instability. One invites problems when one maintains relationship with the world of objects, feelings and thoughts through one's body, mind and intellect. Sense enjoyment will lead to miseries. The desire to possess and enjoy will one day end in dissipation, as these sense objects will wither away with the time. Wealth is neither constant nor stable. Most of the human beings are slaves to this aspect of Maya, as the materialistic world is completely dependent on this. Like wise, the other faces of Maya are youth and friends. As we learnt from the earlier slokas, the relationship with kith and kin is proportionate to the wealth one possesses. Once it is vanished, all the relationships will vanish in no time. The youth of today will be an elderly person of tomorrow. One cannot escape from the Kala-chakra, i.e., jaws of the wheel of time. With the passage of time, the body decays and perishes. Sri Adi Sankaracharya, therefore, warns that one should not dissipate one's energies in these false vanities. Instead, realizing the illusory nature of this world of objects, one should concentrate and realize the state and true nature of Brahman. Only that will give relief from the vicious cycle of birth-death-birth.




Dinayaminyau Saayam Praatah
Sisiravasantau Punaraayaatah Kaalah Kreedati Gachchhatyaayuh Tadapi Na Munchatyaasaavaayuh Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam....
Meaning: Dinayaminyau - day and night, Saayam - dusk, Praatah - dawn, Sisira vasantau - winter and spring, Punah - again, Aayaatah - come (and depart), Kaalah - time, Kreedati - sports, Gachchhati - ebbs away (goes away), Aayuh - life (breath), Tat api - and yet, Na - not, Munchati - leaves, Aasaa vaayuh - the gust of desire.
दिनयामिन्यौ= dina+yAminI, day + night;सायं= evening;
प्रातः= morning;शिशिर= frosty season;वसन्तौ= (and) Spring season;पुनः= again;आयातः= have arrived;कालः= Master Time;क्रीडति= plays;गच्छति= goes (away);आयुः= life/age;
तदपि= tat.h+api, then even;= not;मुञ्चति= releases;
आशा= desire;वायुः= air (the wind of desire does not let off its hold)



Substance:

Day and night, dawn and dusk, winter and spring come and depart again and again. Time thus frolics, plays, and life ebbs away. Yet, one does not give up the storm of desires.


Commentary: Both pleasure and pain must be borne with equanimity. A person leading a dharmic life must also submit to sorrows as willingly as one accepts pleasures. Following the words of Sri Adi Sankaracharya sincerely, one shall acquire the courage to bear the sorrows of life unperturbed. In the silent march of the wheel of time, days and nights and with it the age slips unnoticed and unrealized. One may escape any or all other hardships, but death and the parting of ways are inevitable. Time will never stop for any person and under any circumstances. Present will become past and the future will become present. While the past disturbs, the future worries the present. It is true with almost all human beings that when the luck is not in favor, any amount of maneuvers will not yield desired results and all plans are defeated and routed. One must acquire the true knowledge to bear these vicissitudes of time and life with fortitude. That is what Sri Adi Sankaracharya is teaching and preaching. Nachiketa's exchange of words with Yamaraja (Lord Death), rejecting all gifts that He offers to him for learning the same true knowledge, which Sri Adi Sankaracharya is preaching, will bear the true testimony. Time cuts off the days of life and the death snatches away the life. The jiva will ultimately depart with painful bundles of vasanaas acquired in one's desire-ridden selfish life. The mind makes one to believe that all objects of glitter with an illusory beauty will give happiness, but time proves it otherwise. Life steadily ebbs away, but the desires are only grow due to sense gratifications. Although with the age, human being becomes infirm from disease-ridden body, desires and sense-enjoyments, worries and anxieties still haunt one. It is not too late to realize the truth and follow the path shown by Sri Adi Sankaracharya to reap the benefits in this birth and in the forthcoming ones.


This bouquet of twelve verses was imparted to a grammarian
by the all-knowing Shankara, adored as the bhagavadpada.

द्वादशमञ्जरिकाभिः= by the bouquet consisting of 12 flowers (12;shlokas above)
अशेष= without remainder/totally;कथित= was told;
वैयाकरणस्यैषः= to the grammarian+this;उपदेशः= advice;
भूद्= was;विद्यनिपुणै= by the ace scholar Shankara (Plural is used for reverance);श्रीमच्छन्करभगवत्+चरणैः= by the Shankaracharya who is known;
as shankarabhagavat +charaNAH or pAdAH (plural for reverence)




Kaa Te Kaantaa Dhanagatachintaa
Vaatula Kim Tava Naasti Niyantaa Trijagati Sajjanasangatirekaa Bhawati Bhavaarnavatarane Naukaa ... Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam
Meaning: (Attributed to Padmapada) Kaa - where is, Te - your, Kaantaa - wife, Dhanagat - pertaining to wealth, Chintaa - worry, Vaatula - O distracted one, Kim - is there, Tava - to you, Na asti - not, Niyantaa - the ordainer of rules (one who ordains or commands), Trijagati - in the three worlds, Sajjan - of the good, Sangati - association, (Sajjanasangati - the association with the good), Ekaa - alone, Bhavati - becomes (can serve as), Bhaava arnava tarane - to cross the sea of change (birth and death), Naukaa - the boat.
काते= kA+te, who+your;कान्ता= wife;धन= wealth;
गतचिन्ता= thinking of;वातुल= ;कि= ;तव= your;
नास्ति= na+asti, not there;नियन्ता= controller;
त्रिजगति= in the three worlds;सज्जन= good people;
संगतिरैका= sa.ngatiH+ekA, company+(only) one (way);
भवति= becomes;भवार्णव= bhava+arNava, birthdeath+ocean;
तरणे= in crossing;नौका= boat/ship;



Substance:

O Distracted one! why worry about wife, wealth, etc. Is there no one to guide you? Know that in the three worlds, only the association with good people alone can save you as a boat to cross the ocean of life (birth and death).


Commentary: To worry on anything materialistic means waste of our mental energies. By allowing the mind besieged by the worries and thoughts of wife and wealth, one is making it impoverished. If one starts reflecting and thinking rationally about these attachments and examine carefully the connection between one soul called wife and another soul called self or husband in this life and also between oneself and the wealth one wishes to amass, one can easily understand that all this botheration is for transitory pleasures. These are all undoubtedly profitless or useless thoughts, as once the prana escapes from the bundle of bones and flesh and the body gets disintegrated, all attachments will bind one. The seeker should constantly strive to grow over sense-gratification and base instincts and uplift one's thoughts by conscious remembrance of the Lord. The only possible way out of such mean actions is to associate oneself constantly and continuously with good people, who are endowed with vision and mission in their lives. Although the mind initially resists any attempts of associating oneself with learned and self-controlled people, ultimately it will learn to forget, over a period of time, the old habits of thought. This alone is the known and effective remedy. As one proceeds on this new path, the devotee shall discover oneself and the rewards or result of such sadhana depends on the amount of effort one puts in. Self-control will lead to mental peace, which ultimately result in inner-joy or peace of mind. So, sajjana sangati, i.e., association with devout people is an important prerequisite for one who wishes to tread on this path. This sajjana sangati will work as a nauka or boat to cross the ocean of limitation. As the boat keeps floating on the water, the sadhaka, while living in this materialistic world, will float on it by not getting entangled in the maya.




Jatilo Mundee Lunchhitakesah
Kaashaayaambara bahukritaveshah Pasyannapi Cha Na Pasyati Moodho Hyudaranimittam BahukritaveshahM ... Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindan

Meaning: (Attributed to Totakacharya)

Jatilah - one ascetic with matter locks, Mundee - one with shaven head, Lunchhitakesah - one with hairs pulled out one by one, Kaashaaayaambara bahukritaveshah - one parading with ochre robes, Pasyan api cha - seeing, Na - never, Pasyati - sees, Moodhah - a fool, Hi - indeed, Udara nimittam - for belly's sake, Bahukritaveshah - these different disguises or apparels.

जटिलः= with knotted hair;मुण्डी= shaven head;
लुञ्छितकेश= hair cut here and there;काषाय= saffron cloth;अम्बर= cloth/sky;बहुकृत= variously done/made-up;
वेषः= make-ups/garbs/roles;पश्यन्नपि= even after seeing;
चन= cha(?)+na, and +not;पश्यति= sees;मूढः= the fool;
उदरनिमित्तं= for the sake of the belly/living;
बहुकृतवेषः= various make-ups/roles;


Substance: An ascetic with matted locks, a person with shaven head, one more with hair pulled or plucked out and another parading with ochre or any other colour robes, all these are for a livelihood. They all have eyes but yet do not see. All these are indeed disguises and deceptions for the sake of filling one's stomach.
Commentary: Renunciation does not lie in external appearance but in inward thought, feeling and attitude. One has to renounce everything Manasa, Vacha and Karmana. Surrender does not mean barter system. It has to be total. As the head and body bows before the deity, the manas and the vachanam should also portray the same attitude and this attitude shuld continue to grow deeper and deeper. Swami Vivekananda beautifully expresses this while describing His Guru, Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa. He says that, "In the presence of my Master, I found out that man could be perfect, even in this body. Those lips never cursed anyone, never even criticized anyone. Those eyes were beyond the possibility of seeing evil, that mind had lost the power of thinking evil. He saw nothing but good. That tremendous purity, that tremendous renunciation is the secret of spirituality". That is the pinnacle of surrender or complete surrender to God and with such a one-pointed sadhana, nothing becomes impossible. When the desires for materialistic pleasures burning in the heart are not weeded out, these external forms mean nothing. They are only for show business or a kind of propaganda about oneself. Such a person will be exposed soon. In the present day world, we often come across people using sanyaasa as a means for power or influence. A person resorts to unethical methods if one wants to earn things in an easy way. History and the present-day world stand as witness that whenever man's desire exceeded the rightful means of possession, one becomes obsessed with it and to fulfill it, one never hesitated to become barbarous. These persons are dangerous to the society. With them, the whole society suffers, which include the noble souls as well. Great personalities like Bhishma Pitamah, Dronaacharya, Kripaacharya, etc. are typical example of this fact. Due to base instincts such as hunger for power and wealth, there are wrong people in every walk of life and unfortunately, in the present-day society these elements are more visible than earlier. Their external appearance and behavior are not what they are actually by themselves. All these disguises are just for filling one's own belly. Such persons may not be as dangerous in the society as they are in the path of spirituality. Once in the line of spirituality, one may be intelligent and knowing quite a few intrinsic facts, but when one fails to live up to these noble expressions, it is just useless. It means, one sees but yet one fails to see and implement the noble lessons of life. If so, what is the use of all these disguising appearances, if not for the sake of filling one's own stomach?




Angam Galitam Palitam Mundam
Dasanaviheenam Jaatam Tundam Vriddho Yaati Griheetvaa Dandam Tadapi Na Munchatyaasaapindam Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam.......

Meaning:  (Attributed to Hastamalaka)

Angam - the body, Galitam - (has been) worn out, Palitam - has turned gray, Mundam - the hair (the head), Dasanaviheenam - toothless, Jaatam - has become, Tundam - mouth, Vriddhah - the old man, Yaati - moves (goes) about, Griheetvaa - having taken (leaning on), Dandam - (his) staff, Tadapi - even then, Na - never, Munchaty - leaves, Aasaapindam - the bundle of desires.

अङ्गं= limb(s);गलितं= weakened;पलितं= ripened(grey);
मुण्डं= head;दशनविहीनं= dashana+vihInaM, teeth+bereft;
जातं= having become;तुण्डं= jaws/mouth?;वृद्धः= the old man;
याति= goes;गृहीत्वा= holding the;दण्डं= stick(walking);
तदपि= then even;= not;मुञ्चति= lets go/releases/gives up;आशापिण्डं= AshA+pindaM, desire+lump(piNDaM also means rice-ball given;as oblation for the dead)



Substance:

The body has become worn out. The head has become bald or turned gray. The mouth has become toothless. The old man moves about with the support of crutches. Even then, the attachment is so strong that he clings firmly to the bundle of (fruitless) desires.


Commentary: Whatever activity one may be engaged in, that should be governed by the spirit of renunciation in the heart. The mind should always be kept pure; whatever may be the external form. To give up truly is to abandon the desires that work up the mind. It is possible by only one method, i.e., by keeping the heart and mind pure. The only possible way out is that one should become pure in heart and mind by meditating on the All-pervasive Almighty in whatever form one likes or closer to one's heart with love and devotion. One should cry for God as incessantly as a small child cries for her or his mother. As one progresses, by HIS karuna and kripa, one will get enlightenment and power in some measure to ward off desires. The state of renunciation cannot be attained and one will not get enlightenment by mere book learning (like me) without having devotion and complete surrender to God. The power of desire to enjoy through sense objects is irresistible. As we learnt in sloka 7, we spent our energies in games and play when we are children, in youth, we waste our energies on sense-passions and when we grow old, we keep thinking about the children and their welfare and the life in the old age. In spite of dilapidated physical form with tottered age, hair grown gray, toothless mouth, leaning on a stick for support, we still cling on to desires. The mind is not controlled, as it never learnt, when the body was young, the intellect plans for future still, but unfortunately, the body does not support these. Thus, suffering from the ravages of time, one leads an agonizing life. The essence is that when one is young, one should learn and put into practice the art of renunciation of desires, which is the basic reason for all sufferings, so that by the time one gets old, it becomes a habit to adjust oneself to the situation at that time and one retires with peace of mind and ultimately leaves the body in tranquility and inner joy. 



Agre Vahnih Prishthe Bhaanuh
Raatrau Chubukasamarpitajaanuh Karatalabhikshastarutalavaasah Tadai Na Munchatyaasaapaasah Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam....

Meaning: (Attributed to Subhoda)

Agre - in front, Vahnih - the fire, Prishthe - at the back, Bhaanuh - the sun, Raatrau - at night, Chubuka samarpit jaanuh - with (his) knees held to (his) chin (he sits), Karatala bhikshah - alms in (his own) scopped palm (he receives), Tarutalavaasah - under the shelter of the tree (he lives), Tadapi - and yet, Na - never, Munchati - spares (leaves), Aasaapaasah - noose of desires.

अग्रे= in front of/ahead/beforehand;वह्निः= fire ( for worship);पृष्ठेभानुः= pRishhThe+bhaanuH, behind+sun;
रात्रौ= in the night;चुबुकसमर्पितजानु= face dedicated to(huddled up between) the knees;करतलभिक्षा= alms in the palms;तरुतलवासं= living under the trees;
तदपि= then even;= not;मुञ्चति= releases/lets go;
आशा= desire;पाशं= rope/ties;



Substance:

In front the ire, at the back the sun, at night he curls up the body, he receives alms in his own scooped palm and lives under the shelter of some tree, and yet he is a puppet at the hands of passions and desires.


Commentary: The attachments and desires, which bind a man to the things of the world, have enormous power. These devils hold sway over a person unabated even when one has become weak in all respects. Subjugation to the natural passions is a common scene, but victory of the soul by subjugating the same natural passions is possible only with the aid of Lord. It cannot be achieved otherwise. One may be old and decrepit, unable to stand the cold, sits by fire to warm oneself, one cannot stretch one's legs out due to cold and old age, not sure of next meal, yet desires bind one with their enormous power. The tyrannies of desire are universal and natural law of nature. In spite of not having any comfort or even bare minimum necessities of life for all practical purposes and yet the iron grip of desire will never leave him unless one is completely surrendered to God. Renouncing the objects of the world is not real renunciation, but giving up desires to acquire them is the real sacrifice. One has to make every effort to perfect this impossible art. The potent bonds of desire should be eliminated from the system of the individual. Constant and consistent Atma Bodha (self-teaching) is an important sadhana to master the art of high mental purity, without which, it is just impossible to eliminate the vasanaas of desire from the mind. Desire is a natural instinct and sublimation, and not suppression, of this natural instinct is the positive development and a giant step towards spiritual evolution.




Kurute Gangasaagaragamanam
Vrataparipaalanamathavaa Daanam Gyaanaviheenah Sarvamatena Bhajati Na Muktim Janmasatena Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam...

Meaning: (Attributed to vaartikakaara) Kurute - goes to pilgrimage, Ganga saagara gamanam - to where the Ganges meets the ocean, Vrataparilamanam - observes the vows, Athavaa - or, Daanam - distributes gifts away, Gyaanaviheenah - devoid of experience of Truth, Sarvamatena - according to all schools of thought, Muktim - release, Na - not, Bhajati - gains, Janmasatena - even in hundred lives.
कुरुते= one takes resort to;
गङ्गासागर= the sea of Ganga (banks of the Ganges);
गमनं= going;व्रत= austerities;परिपालनं= observance/governance;अथवा= or/else;दानं= charity;
ज्ञानविहिनः= (but)bereft of knowledge  of the Self;
सर्वमतेन= according to all schools of thought/unanimously;मुक्तिं= salvation/freedom;
= not;भजति= attains;जन्म= birth(s);शतेन= hundred;


Substance: One may bath in the holy Ganges, at the confluence of Ganga and ocean, or observe vows and performs many charities, yet devoid of jnana. Unless one has the glimpse of Truth or God, one will not gain mukti or realize from the birth-and-death cycle even in hundred lives, according to all schools of thought.
Commentary: Unless one has not attained Jnana, one cannot get rid of the great delusion. A person may go in pilgrimage to holy places, bathe in the holy Ganges or even at the meeting point of Ganga with the ocean or distribute gifts in charity, but only after realizing what is Truth or having a glimpse of God, that one is relieved from the vicious cycle of birth-death-birth. The knowledge acquired from book-learning does not mean anything (as I am doing now), but the same knowledge born out of knowing the Truth will emancipate one from the hold of birth and death. Once it is achieved, the mind will become free from all attachments. One may be well read, have good command over many languages, adept in making discourses, yet if the same person is a victim of delusion and attachment, then it does not mean that one has acquired Jnana. All the above actions are wonderful exercises for developing healthy habits and attitudes to life and these may help one on to the path of study and contemplation, but without knowledge of the Infinite Reality, liberation from sense objects will not be achieved. Generous and positive actions may give some gainful results, but not liberation from birth even in hundred years. It is true from any school of thought that one wishes to refer. Even these positive actions, one has to perform with faith, dedication, devotion and sincerity. Pilgrimages, vows, charities, etc., are all exercises to prepare the seeker's mind for the great path of meditation and through meditation, until the Highest is actually apprehended, total freedom from the natural human weaknesses can never be gained, not even in hundred lives.




Suramandiratarumoolanivaasah
Sayyaa Bhootalamajinam Vaasah Sarvaparigraha Bhogatyaagah Kasya Sukham Na Karoti Viraagah Bhaja Govinda, Bhaja Govindam....

Meaning: (Attributed to Nityananda)


Sura mandir taru moola nivaasah - dwelling (sheltering) in temples, under some trees, Sayyaa - bed (sleeping), Bhootalam - on the naked ground, Ajinam - (wearing)) sking (deer's) Vaasah - cloth, Sarva parigrahah - of the possession, Bhogah - of thirst to enjoy, Tyaagah - renouncing, Kasya - whose, Sukham - happiness, Na - not, Karoti - brings, Viraagah - dispassion.

सुर= gods;मंदिर= temple;तरु= tree;मूल= root;निवासः= living;शय्या= bed;भूतल= on the surface of the earth;
मजिन= deer skin?;वासः= living;सर्व= all;
परिग्रह= attachment;भोग= enjoyable things/worldly pleasures;त्याग= sacrificing/abandonment;
कस्य= whose;सुखं= happiness;= not;करोति= does;
विरागः= Non-attachment/desirelessness



Substance:

No one can disturb the peace of mind and vairaagya, if one is willingly taking shelter in some temples, under some trees, sleeping on the naked ground, wearing a deer skin, and thus renouncing all idea of possession and thirst to enjoy.


Commentary: Real happiness is an internal state of mind, but not comes from an external object. There is no other means to gain and enjoy bliss except through perfect renunciation. There is no one in the world that can be pointed out as the happiest man, even though one is filthy rich in all respects, because one day this person has also to leave this world and the body. By renouncing the entire idea of possession and relinquishing all exercises to acquire materialistic pleasure, one lives happily, ever self-sufficient, as one has discovered an inexhaustible well of joy and a rich mind of true satisfaction in one's own deep within. When renunciation is only external, and when there is still the sense of attachment within, one cannot discover the true joy of living. Therefore, renunciation should be external as well as internal in all aspects of life and at all costs. Then only one can reach the stage of desirelessness, not as a result of deliberate running away from life, but due to a positive experience of intense self-sufficiency felt and lived within. 




Yogarato Vaa Bhogarato Vaa
Sangarato Vaa Sangaviheenah Yasya Brahmani Ramate Chittam Nandati Nandati Nandatyeva Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam...

Meaning: (Attributed to Anandagiri)


Yogaratah - (let) one who revels in Yoga, Vaa - or, Bhogaratah - (let) one who revels in Bhoga, Vaa - or, Sangaratah - (let) one seek enjoyment in company, Vaa - or, Sangaviheenah - (let) one who revels in solitude away from the crowd, Yasya - for whom, Brahmani - in Brahman, Ramate - revels (sports), Chittam - the mind, Nandati - (he) enjoys, Nandati - (he) enjoys, Nandatyeva - only he enjoys.

योगरतः= indulging in yoga;वा= or;भोगरतः= indulging in worldly pleasures;वा= or;सङ्गरतः= indulging in good company;वा= or;सङ्गवीहिनः= bereft of company;
यस्य= whose;ब्रह्मणि= in Brahman(God);रमते= delights;
चित्तं= mind (here soul);नन्दति= revels;
नन्दत्येव= nandati+eva, revels alone/revels indeed;



Substance:

One may take delight or revel in Yoga or bhoga, may have attachment or detachment or in other words, let one seek enjoyment in company or in solitude, but only he, whose mind revels in the bliss of Brahman, will enjoy and verily he alone enjoys.


Commentary: As we learnt from earlier slokas, pleasure is a state of mind. The satisfaction springing from sense enjoyment has very limited life and it binds one in karma. But the enjoyment of bliss in the union of God is beyond one's description. It is difficult to describe, as it is beyond the qualities of any qualifications. Yes, it is possible that though one is engaged in worldly concerns and not immersed in meditation, one can still turn one's mind towards God and be fixed on Him. It is immaterial in what form and by what name a devotee worships God. Bhakti is mainly Bhava pradhan, rather than outward show. The heart, which melts at the signing the names of God, will bear fruit, otherwise whatever length of time that one spends in devotional practices, and it will be futile. There is absolutely no confusion with regard to the God or Goddess that one wishes to worship, whether it is Siva or Vishnu. If at all there is one, it is in the mind of the devotee, but not in that power or energy, which is known as God or Goddess. That power or energy is one and the same, but only the name is different, to facilitate the devotee to concentrate, according to one's choice. That is all. The one who has realized, whether one is in a crowd or alone or in Yoga or bhoga or in whatever condition one may be, it does not matter, as one is always enjoying the bliss of God. But, it is a problem for one, whose mind is still struggling with desires, passions and attachments. For one, who has realized, there is no sin, as there is no attachment and it is expected that one will not and cannot act selfishly. So, such a man alone will enjoy in this world, which grows beyond sorrows and tribulations, pleasures and pains, disease and death.



Bhagavadgeetaa Kinchidadheetaa
Gangaajalalavakanikaa Peetaa Sakridapi Yena Muraarisamarchaa Kriyate Tasya Yamena Na Charchaa Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam..

Meaning: (Attributed to Dhridhabhakta)


Bhagavat Gita - The Bhagavad Geeta, Kinchid - (even) a little, Adheetaa - has studied, Gangaajalalavakanikaa - a drop of Ganga water, Peetaa - has sipped, Sakrit api - at least once, Yena - by whom, Muraarisamarchaa - worship of the Lord Murari (Murasta ari - the enemy of Mura, a Raakshasa), Kriyate - is done, Tasya - to him, Yamena - with Yama, the Lord of Death, Na - never, Charchaa - quarrel (discussion).

भगवद्= god's;गीता= song (here the scripture `bhagavatgItA');किञ्चित्= a little;अधीता= studied;
गङ्गा= river Ganga;जललव= water drop;
कणिकापीता= a little droplet, drunk;
सकृदपि= once even;येन= by whom;मुरारि= the enemy of `Muraa' (Lord Krishna);समर्चा= well worshipped;क्रियते= is done;तस्य= his;यमेन= by Yama, the lord of Death;= not;चर्चा= discussion;



Substance:

Even a little study and understanding of Srimad Bhagavad Gita, or sipping of even a drop of the waters of holy Ganges or even a little worship of Murari will surely save one from confrontation with Yama, the Lord of Death.


Commentary: While Srimad Bhagavad Gita explains in detail what exactly is the secret essence and goal of life and what are the methods by which these can be achieved, the perennial river Ganges symbolizes the "spiritual knowledge" for the Hindus. Until the ego (or shall we call it Mura, the Raakshasa) in us is annihilated, there is no hope of realizing the Real Truth or Knowledge. Man is bound by the body-consciousness and the ego-sense, arising out of false identification with matter. This can be removed only by devoted worship and prayer at the alter of the very Destroyer of Ego (Murari). In the process, one has to withdraw one's mind from all other preoccupations and keep reminding it of the goal and then nurture of the self is the only method by which one can reach the destination. The one, who has acquired the real knowledge, i.e., Sastraas, and has the burning desire to reach the goal should put in untiring efforts to reach the destiny and such a sadhaka will not have fear of death. 



Meaning: (Attributed to nityanaatha)
Punarapi - Again and Again, Jananam - birth, punarapi - again and again, maranam - death, punarapi - again and again, janani - mother, jatare - in the womb, sayanam - sleep, Iha - in this, samsare - world, bahudustare - with great difficulty, krupayapare- out of boundless compassion, Pahi - protect, Murare - Oh Muraa's Enemy (Krishnaa).

पुनरपि= punaH+api, again  again;जननं= birth;पुनरपि= again  again;मरणं= death;पुनरपि= again  again;
जननी= mother;जठरे= in the stomach;शयनं= sleep;
इह= in this world/here;संसारे= family/world;
बहुदुस्तारे= fordable with great difficulty;
कृपयाऽपारे= out of boundless compassion;
पाहि= protect;मुरारे= Oh Muraa's enemy!(KrishhNa);




Substance: Born again, die again, again to stay in the mother's womb !
It is indeed hard to cross this boundless ocean of samsaara . Oh
Murari ! Redeem me through Thy mercy.
Commentary: Humans are bound in the cycle of birth and death. A person sleeps in his mothers womb, takes birth, becomes infant, grows into youth, becomes old and dies. This cycle keeps on going. It is very difficult to come out of this cycle until unless we hold to Murari who is going to make us cross this ocean of samsara very easily by giving us moksha. One who takes the name of murari, can easily come out of this cycle of birth and death, because narayana is such an ocean of compassion that he is easily accessible for bhakti. In this age of kaliyuga taking the name of the lord is the easiest way to attain the moksha.




Meaning: (Attributed to nityanaatha)
rathya - Streets, charpata - rags, virachita - created, kantha - throated man, punyapunya - merit demerit, vivarjita - without/having abandoned, panth - wayfarer, yogi - man seeking union with god, yoganiyojita - controlled by yoga, chittah - mind, ramate - delights, balonmattavadeva- like a child or one who has gone mad.
रथ्या= streets;चर्पट= torn/tattered cloth;विरचित= created;
कन्थः= throated man;पुण्यापुण्य= virtues  sins;
विवर्जित= without/ having abandoned;पन्थः= wayfarer;
योगी= the man seeking union with god;योगनियोजित= controlled by yoga;चित्तः= mind;रमते= delights;
बालोन्मत्तवदेव= like a child or one who has gone mad;




Substance: He who wears a dress made of rags that lie about in the streets, he who walks in the path that is beyond merit and demerit, the yogin whose mind is given up to yoga revels (in Brahman) just as a child or as a mad-man.
Commentary:  Humans have likes(raaga) and dislikes (dwesha). The one who has balance of mind, who looks equally both the likes and dislikes is definetly bound to realise the brahman. They doesnt have the body feeling, rather get realised that they are the atman(brahman), such a person is never bound by the worldly possessions and always delights in the brahman.






Meaning: (Attributed to surendra)
Kah - Who(are), tvam - you, kah - who(am), aham - I, kutam - whence, aayat - has come, kaa - who, may - my, janani - mother, kah - who, may - my, taatah- father, ithi-thus,paribhavaya-deem well/visualise, sarvam-the entire, asaram-worthless/without essence, viswam-universe,tyaktva-having abandoned/sacrificed, swapnam-dream,vicharam-consideration/thinking.
कः= who (are);त्वं= you;कः= who(am);अहं= I;
कुतः= whence;आयातः= has come;का= who;मे= my;
जननी= mother;कः= who;मे= my;तातः= father;इति= thus;
परिभावय= deem well/visualise;सर्वं= the entire;
असारं= worthless/without essence;विश्वं= universe;
त्यक्त्वा= having abandoned/sacrificed;स्वप्न= dream;
विचारं= consideration/thinking;




Substance: Who are you ? Who am I ? From where do I come ? Who is my
mother, who is my father ? Ponder thus, look at everything as
essenceless and give up the world as an idle dream.
Commentary:  There are different ways in realising brahman or the self or the atma such as bhakti, yoga, gnana. One can select the path which one likes or is comfortable with in reaching the destination of self realisation. Here sri sankara is suggesting an easy path of self questioning thereby realising that all that we see, all that we feel are ours, the worldly posessions, the relations  and everything are nothing but delusions. One has to identify all the delusions and ignore them as a dream, then what is left is nothing but the self, the everlasting truth.



Meaning: (Attributed to medhaatithira)
Twayi- in yourself, mayi - in myself, chanyatraiko - and in any other place only one, vishnu - the lord mahavishnu, vyardha - in vain, kupyasi - you get angry, mayia sahishnuh - in me intolerant .
त्वयि= in yourself;मयि= in myself;चान्यत्रैक= cha+anyatra+ekaH, and+in any other place+only one;
विष्णुः= the Lord MahaavishhNu;व्यर्थ= in vain ; for nothing;purposeless;कुप्यसि= you get angry;
मय्यसहिष्णु= mayi+asahishhNuH, in me+intolerant;
भव= become;समचित्तः= equal-minded/equanimity;
सर्वत्र= everywhere;त्वं= you;वाञ्छसि= you desire;
अचिराद्= without delay/in no time;यदि= if;
विष्णुत्वं= the quality/state of Brahman/god-realisation;




Substance: In you, in me, and elsewhere too, there is but one Vishnu (God). Vainly do you get angry with me, being impatient. See the Self in all things, and leave off everywhere ignorance which is the cause of difference.
Commentary:  If we have various jewellery such as bracelets, bangles,chains etc. The forms and names may be different, but they are all made of one material namely gold, in such a manner humans are different in the form and name only but the underlying god is one in all of them. The one who realises this has got the awareness of brahman or self. The one who finds the difference has to learn the art of equanimity, because if one is getting angry with someone, indirectly he is hurting himself. The thought that you and me are different is nothing but ignorance, whereas you and me are the same is realisation. This should not be in thought rather experienced.



Meaning: (Attributed to medhaatithira)
shatrau- in (towards) the enemy, mitre - in  (towards) the friend, putre - in (towards) the son, bandhau - in (towards) relatives, maa - dont, kuru - do, yatnam - effort,vigrahasandhau-for war(dissension) or peace-making.
शत्रौ= in  (towards)the enemy;मित्रे= in (towards) the friend;पुत्रे= in(towards) the son;बन्धौ= in (towards) relatives;मा= don't;कुरु= do;यत्नं= effort;
विग्रहसन्धौ= for war(dissension) or peace-making;
सर्वस्मिन्नपि= in all beings;पश्यात्मानं= see your own self;
सर्वत्र= everywhere;उत्सृज= give up;भेदाज्ञानं= difference/otherness/duality;




Substance: Waste not your efforts to win the love of or to fight against friend and foe, children and relatives . See yourself in everyone and give up all feelings of duality completely.
Commentary: Humans usually love their friends,relatives and fight against enemies, but in reality if one can realise that there is only one self, then there will not be any duality. Then one can realise that there is no difference between oneself and others, then there will not be any friends nor any foes. Sri Sankara is advising to overcome the feeling of duality completely to attain the oneness in all.



Meaning: (Attributed to bhaarativamsha)
kaamam- desire, krodham - anger, lobham - greed, moham - infatuation, tyaktvatmanam - having abandoned see as one's own self, bhavaya - deem/consider/visualise/imagine, koham - who am i,atmagnanam-knowledge of self,vihina-bereft, moodah-fools, te-they, pachyante-are cooked, naraka-in the hell, niguda-cast in.

कामं= desire;क्रोधं= anger;लोभं= greed;मोहं= infatuation;
त्यक्त्वाऽत्मानं= having abandoned see as one's own self;
भावय= deem/consider/visualise/imagine;
कोऽहं= who am I;आत्मज्ञान= knowledge of self;
विहीना= bereft;मूढा= fools;ते= they;पच्यन्ते= are cooked?;
नरक= in the hell;निगूढा= cast in;




Substance: Give up lust, anger, infatuation, and greed . Ponder over your
real nature . Fools are they who are blind to the Self . Cast into hell, they suffer there endlessly.
Commentary:  One should give up the six traits which are nothing but the enemies to the self. One is easily misguided by these traits to enter into the cycle of birth and death, which will push towards the ignorance. The six traits namely kaama(desire), kroadha(anger), lobha(greed), moha(infatuation), mada(proudness), matsarya(unnecessary intolerance towards others riches/success etc) should be consciously removed to realise the self. The one who becomes blind to the self are cast into hell and make to suffer for all their actions.


Meaning: (Attributed to sumatir)
geyam- is to be sung, geeta - bhagavat gita, naama - name of the lord, sahasram - 1000 times, dhyeyam - is to be meditated, sripathi - lakshmi's consort mahavishnu, rupam - form,ajasram-the unborn one,neyam-is to be lead/taken, sajjana-good people, sange-in the company, chittam-mind, deyam-is to be given, deenajanaya-to the poor(humble state) people,cha-and vittam-wealth.
गेयं= is to be sung;गीता= bhagavatgItA;
नाम= name of the lord;सहस्रं= 1000 times;
ध्येयं= is to be meditated;श्रीपति= Lakshmi's consort MahAvishhNu's;रूपं= form/image;अजस्रं= the unborn one;
नेयं= is to be lead/taken;सज्जन= good people;
सङ्गे= in the company;चित्तं= mind;देयं= is to be given;
दीनजनाय= to the  poor (humble state) people;
= and;वित्तं= wealth;




Substance: Regularly recite from the Gita, meditate on Vishnu in your heart, and chant His thousand glories . Take delight to be with the noble and the holy . Distribute your wealth in charity to the poor and the needy.
Commentary:  Sri Sankara is showing the easiest path in realising the self. One needs to regularly recite from bhagavad gita, medidate on vishnu and as well chant his thousand glories. One needs to be always in the company of good and noble ones. one should not keep all his wealth for himself, rather should distribute it to the needy and poor. These activites will make the inner pure and slowly help in removing the six evil traits. As the evil traits are removed and the inner heart becomes pure, vishnu appears in such a heart, and by the grace of vishnu one can easily realise the self.




Meaning:
geyam- is to be sung, geeta - bhagavat gita, naama - name of the lord, sahasram - 1000 times, dhyeyam - is to be meditated, sripathi - lakshmi's consort mahavishnu, rupam - form,ajasram-the unborn one,neyam-is to be lead/taken, sajjana-good people, sange-in the company, chittam-mind, deyam-is to be given, deenajanaya-to the poor(humble state) people,cha-and vittam-wealth.
सुखतः= for happiness;क्रियते= is done;
रामाभोग= sexual pleasures?;पश्चाद्धन्त= later on in the end;शरीरे= in the body;रोग= disease;यद्यपि= even though;
लोके= in the world;मरण= death;शरणं= resort/surrender;
तदपि= even then;= not;मुञ्चति= releases/gives up;
पापाचरणं= pApa+AcharaNa, sin-practising;




Substance: He who yields to lust for pleasure leaves his body a prey to
disease . Though death brings an end to everything, man does not give-up the sinful path.
Commentary:  Man feels that happiness lies in the pleasures and always tries to run behind to fulfill his pleasures. These kind of pleasures in the end will only make body to be affected with diseases. The world is really a variety,  everyone knows that death is a must, but everyone feels that he is a permanent one here and runs behind for these pleasures and in the process of fulfilling these pleasures, one will resort to the sinful-path and never tries to give up the sinful path in knowing the eternal truth. The eternal truth gives one bliss, which is much much greater than the happiness what one is getting in the worldly pleasures. Words are less to  describe it, rather one has to experience it.



Meaning:
artha-wealth, anartha-purposeless/in vain/danger- productive, bhavaya-deem/consider/visualise, nityam-daily/always, na-not, asti-is, tatah-from that, sukhalesha-(even a little) happiness,satyam-truth,putradapi-even from the son,dhana-wealth,bhaajam-acquiring people, bheete-fear, sarvatra-everywhere, yesha-this,vihitah-understood, reeti-procedure/practice/custom.
अर्थं= wealth;
अनर्थं= purposeless/in vain/danger-productive;
भावय= deem/consider/visualise;
नित्यं= daily/always;= not;अस्ति= is;ततः= from that;
सुखलेशः= (even a little) happiness;
सत्यं= Truth;पुत्रादपि= even from the the son;
धन= wealth;भाजां= acquiring people;
भीतिः= fear;सर्वत्र= everywhere;एषा= this;
विहिआ= vihitA?, understood;
रीतिः= procedure/practice/custom;




Substance: Wealth is not welfare, truly there is no joy in it . Reflect thus at all times . A rich man fears even his own son . This is the way of wealth  everywhere.
Commentary:  One thinks that with money he can do anything in this world, but that is not the truth. Money can never give happiness. happiness is a state of mind. people surround a rich person only because of money, but not with the real respect towards him/her. People around him/her always try to snatch the money from them. They will not have any peace of mind as well security from his own kith and kin. A rich man always doubts people around him. So one should always remember the truth that wealth cannot give joy and the only way is to remember vishnu and chant his name.



Meaning:
pranayaama-breath control,pratyahara- diet control, nityam-always/daily,anitya-uncertain/temporary,viveka-awareness after reasoning, vichara-thoughts, jaapyasametha-with chanting of the names of the lord, samadhividhana-in the state of trance,kurvadhaanam-pay attention, mahadavadaanam-great care/attention.
प्राणायाम= breath-control;प्रत्याहार= diet-control;
नित्यं= always/daily/certain;
अनित्य= uncertain/temporary/ephemeral/transient;
विवेक= awareness after reasoning;
विचार= thought/considered concluion/opinion;
जाप्यसमेत= with chanting of the  names of the lord;
समाधिविधान= in the state of trance;
कुर्ववधानं= pay attention;
महदवधानं= great care  attention;




Substance: Regulate the praaNa-s, life forces, remain unaffected by external influences and discriminate between the real and the fleeting . Chant the
holy name of God and silence the turbulent mind . Perform these with care, with extreme care.
Commentary:  One has to realise the self, he needs to take proper care of two things, one is the mind and second is the food.The mind is the most dangerous one, it can travel very fast. If one has to control the mind, the easiest method is to control the life forces, i.e nothing but control the breath. if one can control his breath, slowly he can control his mind, then he will slowly develop the wisdom to discriminate between the real and the unreal. One has to be very careful about the food he takes, because thoughts will come basing on the food we take. One has to offer the food to God and partake it as his prasadam. One has to chant the name of the god to silence the turbulent mind. These should be done with very care, because one can again fall prey to these worldly pleasures and fall in the cycle of birth and death.


Meaning:
gurucharanambhuja-the lotus feet of the teacher/guru,nirbhara-dependent, bhakta-devotee,samsaraat-from the world, achiradbhava-in no time from the cycle of birth and death, bhukta-released, sendriyamanasa-with senses and mind, niyamadeva-control alone, drakshyasi-you will see, nija-one's own, hrudayastam-heart-stationed, devam-god.
गुरुचरणाम्बुज= the lotus feet of the teacher/guru;
निर्भर= dependent;भकतः= devotee;संसारात्= from the world;अचिराद्भव= in no time from the cycle of birthdeath;
मुक्तः= released;सेन्द्रियमानस= sa+indriya+mAnasa, with senses and mind; नियमादेव= control alone(niyamAt.h eva);
द्रक्ष्यसि= you will see;निज= one's own;
हृदयस्थं= heart-stationed;देवं= God;




Substance: Oh devotee of the lotus feet of the Guru ! May thou be soon
free from Samsara . Through disciplined senses and controlled mind, thou shalt come to experience the indwelling Lord of your heart !

Commentary:  To know the self or realise the atma/self/brahman one has to surrender himself to the lotus feet of his/her guru. One who has thus surrendered himself/herself to the lotus feet of his/her guru, (s)he is free from this samsara (world) and (s)he will be blessed to experience the indwelling lord of his/her heart.

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